Lao Tse - Tao Te Ching (XXXI-XL)
Tuesday 22 June 2010, by
Weapons are the tools of violence;all decent men detest them.Weapons are the tools of fear;a decent man will avoid themexcept in the direst necessityand, if compelled, will use themonly with the utmost restraint.Peace is his highest value.If the peace has been shattered,how can he be content?His enemies are not demons,but human beings like himself.He doesn’t wish them personal harm.Nor does he rejoice in victory.How could he rejoice in victoryand delight in the slaughter of men?He enters a battle gravely,with sorrow and with great compassion,as if he were attending a funeral.
The Tao can’t be perceived.Smaller than an electron,it contains uncountable galaxies.If powerful men and womencould remain centered in the Tao,all things would be in harmony.The world would become a paradise.All people would be at peace,and the law would be written in their hearts.When you have names and forms,know that they are provisional.When you have institutions,know where their functions should end.Knowing when to stop,you can avoid any danger.All things end in the Taoas rivers flow into the sea.
Knowing others is intelligence;knowing yourself is true wisdom.Mastering others is strength;mastering yourself is true power.If you realize that you have enough,you are truly rich.If you stay in the centerand embrace death with your whole heart,you will endure forever.
The great Tao flows everywhere.All things are born from it,yet it doesn’t create them.It pours itself into its work,yet it makes no claim.It nourishes infinite worlds,yet it doesn’t hold on to them.Since it is merged with all thingsand hidden in their hearts,it can be called humble.Since all things vanish into itand it alone endures,it can be called great.It isn’t aware of its greatness;thus it is truly great.
She who is centered in the Taocan go where she wishes, without danger.She perceives the universal harmony,even amid great pain,because she has found peace in her heart.Music or the smell of good cookingmay make people stop and enjoy.But words that point to the Taoseem monotonous and without flavor.When you look for it, there is nothing to see.When you listen for it, there is nothing to hear.When you use it, it is inexhaustible.
If you want to shrink something,you must first allow it to expand.If you want to get rid of something,you must first allow it to flourish.If you want to take something,you must first allow it to be given.This is called the subtle perceptionof the way things are.The soft overcomes the hard.The slow overcomes the fast.Let your workings remain a mystery.Just show people the results.
The Tao never does anything,yet through it all things are done.If powerful men and womencould venter themselves in it,the whole world would be transformedby itself, in its natural rhythms.People would be contentwith their simple, everyday lives,in harmony, and free of desire.When there is no desire,all things are at peace.
The Master doesn’t try to be powerful;thus he is truly powerful.The ordinary man keeps reaching for power;thus he never has enough.The Master does nothing,yet he leaves nothing undone.The ordinary man is always doing things,yet many more are left to be done.The kind man does something,yet something remains undone.The just man does something,and leaves many things to be done.The moral man does something,and when no one respondshe rolls up his sleeves and uses force.When the Tao is lost, there is goodness.When goodness is lost, there is morality.When morality is lost, there is ritual.Ritual is the husk of true faith,the beginning of chaos.Therefore the Master concerns himselfwith the depths and not the surface,with the fruit and not the flower.He has no will of his own.He dwells in reality,and lets all illusions go.
In harmony with the Tao,the sky is clear and spacious,the earth is solid and full,all creature flourish together,content with the way they are,endlessly repeating themselves,endlessly renewed.When man interferes with the Tao,the sky becomes filthy,the earth becomes depleted,the equilibrium crumbles,creatures become extinct.The Master views the parts with compassion,because he understands the whole.His constant practice is humility.He doesn’t glitter like a jewelbut lets himself be shaped by the Tao,as rugged and common as stone.
Return is the movement of the Tao.Yielding is the way of the Tao.All things are born of being.Being is born of non-being.
Source : http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu